Types of Learning Disability in Hindi


Children with learning disabilities possess many assets and skills; however, teachers sometimes misinterpret them. Gaining more insight into this gray area will enable teachers to provide appropriate support and education.

As every child possesses unique strengths and weaknesses, learning disabilities present significant academic challenges.


Kids with dyslexia who struggle to read can feel inferior to their peers and may avoid reading altogether as it becomes complicated or stressful, leaving them behind in school. Dyslexia affects each person differently; some kids may need more support than others to manage it successfully – although many can overcome dyslexia with special education and accommodations.

Dyslexia is a learning disability affecting the phonological component of language that leads to difficulties with word recognition, spelling, and decoding abilities. This condition may range from mild to moderate or severe severity and often coexists with autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Children with dyslexia typically struggle to keep up with their classmates due to difficulty reading and spelling, along with problems with math, writing, and speaking arithmetic. Such disabilities may threaten a child’s confidence and self-esteem.

Learning disabilities may not be straightforward to spot, but some telltale signs can help. These include difficulty with reading, spelling, and arithmetic calculations; poor handwriting; difficulty remembering and understanding information; verbal communication issues; and low self-esteem and confidence among children with these disabilities – sometimes leading to accusations that they’re lazy or clumsy, which in turn leads to low self-esteem and confidence. With proper treatment and kindness provided by their educators, they may reach their full potential and achieve success in school environments – not less capable than their peers but need extra support in school settings.


Dysgraphia is a learning disability that causes difficulty writing. This condition affects handwriting and spelling, as well as grammar, memory, and critical thinking skills. People living with dysgraphia often find writing quickly difficult, spending a great deal of time reviewing work for errors before producing anything useful; additionally, they may struggle with spacing words properly or forming letters correctly – both issues must be identified early so appropriate treatment and support can be provided to both children and adults suffering from it.

There are various forms of learning disabilities, some more evident than others. Dyslexia is the most widely recognized learning disorder and typically manifests itself with difficulties in reading and writing; this condition may also present itself with difficulty in math or other subjects. Other learning disabilities include dyscalculia, which causes problems with numbers and counting.

Diagnoses of Learning Disabilities can be challenging due to their symptoms varying wildly between individuals. A family doctor should be the initial point of call for referral to a specialist. Missed opportunities and poor self-esteem due to misdiagnosis are potential consequences; early identification will facilitate effective treatments and reduction strategies to minimize the impact on daily life. Furthermore, it’s also essential to take into account any co-morbid medical, neurodevelopmental, or psychiatric conditions present that could impact how LD impacts its sufferers’ daily lives.


Math-related problems are the primary source of dyscalculia, although other skills like spatial reasoning and time management may also be affected. These issues can create difficulties at school, work, and throughout daily life activities – as well as increasing risk factors associated with mental disorders.

Dyscalculia is a learning disorder characterized by difficulty grasping basic mathematical facts like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. People suffering from dyscalculia often have trouble memorizing number sequences like threes or tens and understanding how numbers interact (such as two equals four). They may have difficulty following step-by-step instructions to solve complex problems effectively or managing deadlines and fulfilling responsibilities on time.

Diagnosing dyscalculia requires observations by healthcare providers and tests designed to evaluate someone’s ability to process numbers and quantities accurately. It is also crucial to rule out other potential causes, such as visual or hearing impairment. Treatment typically entails one-on-one learning programs. Sometimes, it may be beneficial for a psychologist or another professional to conduct an assessment to ascertain if someone suffers from mental illness. These conditions, known as comorbid conditions, may include anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder. If they exist, treatment for dyscalculia must first address them; otherwise, the individual will continue struggling with math-related problems.

Auditory Processing Disorder

Learning disabilities involving language processing involve difficulty deciphering speech sounds. Children affected by these difficulties may have trouble understanding teachers, following directions, and competing in noisy places like school. Furthermore, they may struggle to tell apart similar-sounding words such as bat and pat or seventy and seventeen.

Central Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) affects 3-5% of school-age children. APD happens when the brain has difficulty filtering out and processing sound coming through the outer, middle, and inner ears; even though they can hear clearly, something interferes with how their ears and brain function together.

Researchers do not yet fully understand what causes this condition, but researchers speculate it might be linked to issues in how the brain is wired, multiple ear infections as a child, or having family members with hearing loss. It often manifests itself with issues in attention, language, and learning, such as those found with ADD/ADHD, as well as speech and language disorders.

An audiologist (hearing specialist) can conduct an audiologic assessment that tests both ears and brain. Once diagnosed, an audiologist will ask questions to help identify symptoms as well as offer a suggested plan of treatment so children with learning disabilities such as this can improve their listening ability in noisy classrooms and environments.

Language Processing Disorder

Learning disorders can have a tremendous impact on a child’s life. From impacting their ability to read and write to having difficulty comprehending math concepts and communicating/listening issues. But don’t despair just yet: there are solutions available to you to help your child manage his or her difficulties.

Language Processing Disorder is a neurological condition that interferes with how information presented verbally is processed by individuals. People living with this condition can have difficulty comprehending what they hear even though they possess average intelligence and don’t suffer from any hearing loss or speech problems, making communication and understanding classroom instructions more challenging among peers.

Children diagnosed with this disorder tend to have limited vocabulary and poor grammar skills compared to their peers, difficulty retrieving words, using vague descriptions for objects like “the thing” or “a squishy thing,” speaking in short sentences or two-word phrases, and struggling to maintain focus during conversations.

LPD manifests in two primary ways, difficulty with comprehension or the inability to express thoughts clearly, and social issues related to their failure to listen or follow directions. LPD can be treated through therapy from speech-and-language therapists, hearing specialists, or teachers; there are also assessment tools such as the NIMHANS Index for Specific Learning Disabilities and AIIMS SLD Comprehensive Diagnostic Battery that help diagnose this disorder.

Non-verbal Learning Disability

Nonverbal learning disability is an under-recognized disorder that impairs an individual’s ability to interpret social cues. It may lead to difficulties with spatial skills, math, and fine motor coordination, as well as discrepancies between verbal and performance IQ scores. Unfortunately, diagnosing this form of learning disability may be challenging since its existence does not appear within either the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the International Classification of Diseases.

Children with NVLD often possess an impressive vocabulary and memory yet may struggle with translating their thoughts into spoken language. Conversations may go by unanswered and social cues misread, as well as difficulty with abstract concepts being understood or unfamiliar situations being overwhelming for them. Transitioning between activities or locations may prove challenging, as well as excessive speech production.

This disorder renders them incapable of processing visual-spatial information such as maps or new school layouts. They may find it challenging to organize their time and possessions effectively, as well as with complex mathematical problems requiring spatial visualization or pattern recognition. Furthermore, they have difficulty reading emotional cues in conversations or picking up on facial expressions from others.

People with non-verbal learning disabilities may find it easier to communicate via text or online. They may require extra time to process information, as they often need assistance discussing new concepts with teachers or mentors before understanding new activities. It is also crucial that ample warning be provided when activities will change significantly.