Types of Learning Disabilities in Hindi For Children


Learning disabilities can be highly challenging for children to manage. They may make it more difficult for them to express themselves or communicate with others and may cause issues with fine motor skills development.

Learning disorders do not reflect a child’s intelligence; instead, they often result from environmental and genetic influences.


Dyslexia is an inherited learning disability that makes reading, writing, and spelling challenging for individuals of all ages and intelligence levels. While dyslexia may present obstacles when reading at a regular pace or recalling written words correctly, practical support and instruction can often make a significant difference in outcomes. Symptoms of dyslexia may include difficulty remembering written comments as well as trouble placing eye contact when reading aloud.

Genetic factors, poor eyesight or hearing, inadequate reading instruction, or other external influences may cause dyslexia. Recognizing its symptoms early and seeking assistance to avoid falling behind your peers is critical in order to keep dyslexia at bay and prevent its lifelong struggles.

Children with dyslexia often feel inferior to their classmates and may act out to cover up their struggles in class. Furthermore, reading may become cumbersome or stressful, and these factors could contribute to lower grades that make it hard to keep pace with peers.

Different forms of dyslexia exist, each with its symptoms. While some children develop mild conditions that they eventually outgrow, others might suffer more severely. Individuals living with dyslexia can still attend college and enjoy successful careers despite possibly needing special accommodations for studying or work-related projects.

Dyslexia’s primary difficulty lies in recognizing phonemes (the basic sounds of spoken language). It can also be challenging to match up these sounds with their letter symbols and blend them into words; children with dyslexia often struggle with this process, leading them to mix up letters like b-p and d-q as well as n-u and m-w; other complications include reading up-and-down or left-to-right confusion, as well as irregular or inconsistent spelling.

Dyslexia can be difficult to identify due to its varied causes. Teachers must become familiar with its signs and how best to recognize it in students. Furthermore, educators should understand that improper teaching methods, such as sight word teaching, may create reading difficulties that appear similar to dyslexia.


People living with dyscalculia often struggle to make sense of numbers and calculations, having difficulty connecting quantities (like two apples ) with numbers ( such as two plus one equals three) and among themselves (like two plus one equals three). They may not understand how to read clocks or calendars properly, which can lead to problems managing money and time effectively later in life. Therefore, dyscalculia must be recognized early so they can get the help and support they require.

Dyscalculia is an inherited condition. It tends to run in families, with female members more frequently affected than men. Dyscalculia can also cause depression and anxiety when faced with difficulties at work or home; children and adults can both be affected, though its prevalence tends to be less widely acknowledged compared to other learning disabilities like dyslexia.

Dyscalculia does not mean someone is stupid or lazy; in fact, it could be an indicator of an underlying brain issue like damage to the parietal lobe. Unfortunately, due to no specific tests for it available today, it can be challenging to recognize and diagnose; however, it can be done by looking at symptoms as well as asking people to complete basic math tasks.

Dyscalculia’s early symptoms can include difficulty counting and using money. It may also be mistaken for other learning disorders like dyspraxia or ADHD/ADD.

Dyscalculia symptoms can range from simple to complex, including difficulty connecting numbers with physical quantities such as four marbles. Furthermore, spatial reasoning problems may develop, and physical spaces may become more complicated to navigate than expected, creating anxiety in adults due to budgeting difficulties and tracking finances properly.

Education professionals often identify dyscalculia among students first and can offer resources and guide parents on what steps to take next. Parents should also be aware of any signs or symptoms so they can intervene if necessary.


Parents and teachers often are the first ones to notice when their child has a learning disability since he or she may struggle to pass tests or communicate effectively. Seek assistance as soon as possible so your child can receive appropriate treatments; healthcare providers may prescribe medication or suggest other strategies to help your child learn better.

Learning disabilities fall into seven distinct categories, including dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, auditory processing disorder, language processing disorder, non-verbal learning disability, and visual perceptual deficit. Each disease can be caused by genetics, neurobiological injury or brain trauma, coexisting conditions, or environmental influences – but all can have adverse impacts.

Learning disorders typically manifest themselves through difficulty reading, writing, and arithmetic. People suffering from these disabilities typically exhibit an incongruence between their educational performance and estimated intellectual potential and often cannot explain this difference through differences in intelligence alone.

Children may struggle with speech and pronunciation difficulties, math difficulties, spelling errors, and handwriting, as well as learning disabilities. Such issues typically stem from being unable to grasp the structure or sound behind certain words, which results in poor decoding abilities and spelling skills; nonverbal cues like facial expressions and body language may be complicated for them to interpret correctly.

Though people with learning disabilities face many challenges in their everyday lives, they still can find success. Although their learning styles differ, they should still be supported and encouraged to pursue their interests and talents, taught how to manage weaknesses effectively while building upon strengths, and permitted to use assistive technology and other tools for improved productivity.

To assist these individuals, educators should have an awareness of various learning disabilities and their causes, the diagnostic criteria used by DSM-5 and ICD-10, and environmental influences on learning disorders. Furthermore, educators must recognize signs of learning disorders.


Aphasia is a language disorder that impairs both the production and comprehension of speech and other forms of communication, such as writing and reading. It may be brought on by stroke, head injury, tumor, or degenerative processes in the brain – even dementia can contribute to this form of disability – leading to difficulty with naming objects, reading, and conversations. Aphasia can cause problems when trying to name things, read, and communicate. Aphasia affects swallowing motor functions such as eating as well as reading/speaking ability. There are two forms of Aphasia; global Aphasia affects extensive areas of the brain, causing difficulty when speaking and reading is affected while local Aphasia causes less severe problems but still causes difficulties in reading/speaking abilities issues when reading and speaking/prominence compared with global aphasia severity when speaking/speaking or writing/speaking difficulties when speaking out loud or reading/ writing sentences out loud or carrying on conversations when carrying on an exchange is involved causing the problem. In contrast, global aphasia occurs when large areas of the brain are affected. At the same time, local Aphsia occurs when less severe regions are affected. In contrast, both types may affect swallowing/speaking ability/ causing difficulty, while global aphasia may still cause reading/speaking difficulties as part of dementia-related issues. Both types cause difficulty reading/speaking topics due to affected areas affected.

People living with aphasia often struggle to express themselves, make friends, and understand what others say. Therefore, communication with these individuals must be done in an easy-to-understand way – rather than asking them to repeat themselves or explaining things they have already heard – try using drawings, gestures, or writing to drive home your point more effectively.

Learning disabilities (LD) are a group of disorders that restrict an individual’s ability to acquire and use academic skills. These conditions may range from mild, moderate, or severe levels and have long-lasting impacts on daily life. Learning difficulties (LDs) and disorders are frequently used interchangeably; however, the latter term refers specifically to conditions listed in authoritative guides such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems as being listed conditions affecting a person.

There are various forms of learning disabilities (LD), each one distinct. For instance, children with dyslexia often struggle with spelling and reading but excel in mathematics, while another child with ADHD struggles to pay attention in school. Although these disabilities can be challenging for both children and parents alike, some ways can assist LD children in learning and flourishing.

Speaking to your physician is the first step toward diagnosing a learning disability. They may refer you to a speech-language pathologist for further testing that assesses communication abilities such as following commands, naming objects, and engaging in dialogue.