Knowledge is a skill or awareness of facts, concepts, or situations. It is also a form of practical skill, which includes the ability to learn and use a particular skill. Knowledge of facts is also propositional knowledge, a distinct form of knowledge from opinion or guesswork. Knowledge of facts includes a wide range of information and skills.
Justified true belief
If you think that JTB holds, you should consider the Gettier problem. This problem arises when a person’s belief is contradicted by evidence. Rather than just dismissing evidence, a person must be able to prove that a belief is true. If this is done correctly, a person’s belief is true.
To establish whether a belief is true, the person who has it has to test it on others. So, for example, Weinberg, Nichols, and Stich used a more comprehensive range of people to test their hypothesis about the Gettier case. In the process, they discovered that people’s responses were not the same.
Justified true belief as a foundation of knowledge
Justified true belief is a fundamental aspect of knowledge. Whether a belief is true or false depends on whether it is supported by facts or evidence. A true belief can be justified if there is evidence, but it cannot be unjustified. For example, if the person believes they have seen a particular object or can feel a particular emotion, they must have justified true belief.
The notion of justified true belief is quite broad and covers a sizeable conceptual territory. Not all types of justification are relevant to knowledge, though. Nevertheless, some are relevant, such as the consequential justification argument.
Justified true belief as a foundation of declarative knowledge
The standard analysis of knowledge is broken down into three components: justified, accurate, and belief. These three are often expressed as “Justified True Belief (JTB)”. JTB is a declarative knowledge theory that seeks to determine whether knowledge is justified or valid. To understand the nature of JTB, we must first understand what makes it valid.
Justified true belief is a fundamental property of declarative knowledge, which is why Plato defined it as knowledge. It is only a belief if it is justified and must be true. This principle is closely linked to the process of science. In this process, experimental results are observed, and theories are developed based on them. These theories are then tested by further observation. This process is known as the scientific method.
Tactic knowledge as a foundation of declarative knowledge
Descriptive knowledge can be codified in various ways, from books to computer programs to illustrations. It can also be shared through classroom learning or public speaking. It helps people understand the ramifications of actions and is an essential foundation for procedural knowledge. In a business context, it’s helpful to know how to use procedural knowledge to solve problems.
Tactic knowledge, however, is often not helpful in explaining business decisions. It isn’t easy to disseminate a leader’s decision-making process to an audience. A leader’s instincts, while valuable, are usually intangible and cannot be disseminated.
Observational knowledge as a foundation of declarative knowledge
Descriptive knowledge is part of the learning equation, but what is observational knowledge? It is the type of knowledge that you use to recognize something and judge its quality or classify it. For example, you may know a tree is a deciduous tree if you observe its shape and quality. Observational knowledge can be more beneficial to convict someone because it is not transferable through testimony.
Opponents of intellectualism use the C3 argument to argue that propositional knowledge is not a fundamental aspect of human experience. It rejects the claim that people learn propositions by performing them without presenting the process that led them to learn them. The argument also dismisses cases in which people learn propositions and manual skills.
Observational knowledge as a foundation of tacit knowledge
Observational knowledge is a kind of judgment we gain through observing others. It is learned through observation of someone who has mastered a particular skill and then by being coached by him. For example, it might be that a skilled speaker knows how to keep a group’s attention, while another might not. It might also be that a skilled facilitator knows how to get a group to reach an agreement.
This tacit knowledge can be applied to a wide variety of tasks. It can also be applied to more significant issues such as team-building or planning new projects. The more diverse a team is, the greater its chances of triggering tacit knowledge. However, the time required for this kind of knowledge to be developed is critical.